1. The basic configuration of computer embroidery 1. […]
1. The basic configuration of computer embroidery
1. Computerized embroidery machine operation and management personnel, computerized embroidery pattern designers, computerized embroidery production personnel.
2. Computerized embroidery machine, needle making machine, upper thread separating machine, bobbin thread separating machine, paper cutting knife.
3. Cut various embroidery pieces, piece cloth, etc.
4. Pattern design software and patterns.
5. Various colors of upper thread, bottom thread, thread oil, thread wax.
6. Various types of embroidery needles, hole-carving needles, scissors, and position knives.
7. Various specifications of paper pulp, hot melt adhesive, water soluble pulp, wax paper, oil paper.
8. Double-sided tapes with different viscosities.
9. Spray glue required for appliqué embroidery.
10. The gauze needed for embroidery opening and production.
2. Embroidery machine embroidery method
Embroidery, commonly known as "embroidery", is a technique of organizing embroidery threads into various patterns and colors with needles on the fabric that has been processed and punctured according to the design requirements.
&<8226; Color embroidery refers to the embroidery technique that uses various colored embroidery threads to control patterns. It has the characteristics of embroidering plain clothes, rich stitches, fine stitches, and bright colors. It is widely used in clothing accessories. Color embroidery is also very rich in color changes. It uses thread to substitute, and through the overlap, juxtaposition, and interlacing of multiple colored embroidery threads, it produces gorgeous color effects. In particular, the use of trocar stitches to express the subtle changes in pattern colors is the most distinctive, and the color depths are blended, which has the rendering effect of Chinese painting.
&<8226; The main feature of bag stem embroidery is to use a thicker thread or cotton to make the pattern swell first, and then embroider with embroidery thread. Generally, flat embroidery stitches are used. The pattern of Baojing embroidery is beautiful and elegant, full of three-dimensional sense, and strong decoration. It is also called high embroidery, and it is called convex embroidery in Suzhou embroidery. Baostem embroidery is suitable for embroidering small patterns and narrow-petaled flowers, such as chrysanthemums and plum blossoms. It is generally embroidered with monochromatic threads.
&<8226; Cut embroidery, also known as Loukong embroidery, is an embroidery method with a certain degree of difficulty and unique effects. Its biggest feature is that in the embroidering process, holes are trimmed according to the pattern needs, and a variety of pattern combinations are embroidered in the cut holes in different ways, so that there are both free and easy field flowers on the embroidery surface, but also lingering. The beautiful floor space flowers in the play, contrast with reality and reality, and are full of fun. The embroidery is elegant and delicate.
&<8226; Applique embroidery, also called patch embroidery, is a form of embroidery in which other fabrics are cut and stitched onto clothing. The sticking embroidery in Chinese Su embroidery also belongs to this category. The embroidering method is to cut the applique cloth according to the pattern requirements and stick it on the embroidery surface. You can also put cotton and other things between the applique cloth and the embroidery surface to make the pattern swell and have a three-dimensional effect. After it is pasted, use various stitches to lock the edges. The appliqué embroidery method is simple, the pattern is mainly block surface, and the style is chic and generous.
&<8226; Stitched embroidery, also known as pan-stem embroidery or threaded embroidery, is an embroidery method in which various ribbons and threads are stitched into clothing or textiles according to a certain pattern. There are two commonly used methods of stitching: naked nails and dark nails. The stitches of the former are exposed on the thread stems, and the latter are hidden in the thread stems. Nail thread embroidery is simple, has a long history, and its decorative style is elegant and generous. In recent years, it has been widely used in kimono. Sequin embroidery, also known as bead embroidery, is embroidered on clothing with hollow beads, bead tubes, artificial gems, glittering sequins, etc., to produce jewels and dazzling effects. It is generally used on stage costumes. , In order to increase the beauty and attractiveness of clothing, but also widely used in shoe uppers, handbags, jewelry boxes, etc.
&<8226; Cross stitch, also known as cross peach blossom, is a traditional embroidery method widely spread among the people. The stitching method is very simple, that is, according to the warp and weft orientation of the fabric, the oblique cross stitches of the same size are arranged into the pattern required by the design. Because of its stitching characteristics, the patterns of cross stitch are generally simple in shape, rigorous in structure, and often in a symmetrical layout. There are also realistic-style patterns, mostly natural flowers and plants. Cross stitch has a strong folk decorative style.
&<8226; Ribbon embroidery, also known as flat ribbon embroidery, embroiders directly on the fabric with ribbon as the embroidery thread. Gorgeous ribbon embroidery is a new and unique form of kimono decoration with beautiful luster, rich colors, eye-catching patterns and a three-dimensional effect. Drawnwork embroidery is a very distinctive category in embroidery. The method of embroidery is to first remove a certain amount of warp and weft from the fabric according to the position of the design pattern, and then use the silk left on the cloth to embroider The thread is woven and tied regularly, and through-hole gauze eyes are knitted, which are combined into various patterns. The embroidered surface with drawnwork has a unique mesh effect, which is beautiful and delicate, elegant and highly decorative. Due to the difficulty of penetrating, the drawnwork embroidery patterns are mostly simple geometric lines and blocks, which are exquisitely embellished in a piece of embroidery.
&<8226; Poke yarn embroidery, also known as Najin, is one of the traditional embroidery forms. It is embroidered on the base material of checkered yarn strictly according to the number of grids. Poke gauze embroidery not only has beautiful patterns, but also makes rich changes with the different arrangements of horizontal, straight and oblique lines, but the empty eyes between the patterns must be aligned.
3. The mechanical and electrical principles of embroidery machines
An embroidery machine is also called an embroidery machine or a computerized embroidery machine. The working principle of the embroidery machine: first use the embroidery mechanism version software to make a sample. After the sample is generated (embroidery machine printing), the discs containing the embroidery program and the pattern are put into one after another. In the computer disk drive, under the control of the program, the computer converts the coordinate value of the pattern into an electrical signal equivalent to the displacement in the x and y directions of the stretcher, and sends it to the x, y, and z single-chip microcomputer system for motor speed up and down processing, and then outputs three Phase six-beat signal, the power amplifier box of the motor performs power amplification, the red x, y stepping motor drives the stretch frame to complete the feed movement between x and y; at the same time, the z stepping motor is driven to move the needle up and down, thereby Make embroidery go on continuously.
z The stepping motor drives the transmission mechanism of the machine head to rotate through the synchronous toothed belt, etc. The specific mechanism of the machine head makes the lead mechanism and the needle take the lead to make and move the upper thread, and pierce the fabric; the hook in the hook thread mechanism rotates to make The upper thread bypasses the bobbin case with the lower thread; the thread take-up mechanism moves, conveys the upper thread, tightens the stitches, and prepares the upper thread segment of the next stitch. The x and y stepping motors drive the silk frame and fabric to move in a plane through mechanisms such as synchronous toothed belts. Each stitch point to be embroidered on the fabric is sent to the machine needle for embroidery. The speed of the up and down movement of the machine needle is coordinated with the moving direction, amount of movement and moving speed of the stretch frame, so that the upper thread and the bottom thread are twisted on the fabric. Make a double-thread lock stitch. When the embroidery continues continuously, computer embroidery of the pattern is completed.